Detección de Aedes albopictus (Skuse) (Diptera: Culicidae) en el municipio de Istmina, Chocó, Colombia

José Joaquín Carvajal, Nildimar Alves Honorio, Silvia Patricia Díaz, Edinso Rafael Ruiz, Jimmy Asprilla, Susanne Ardila, Gabriel Parra-Henao, .

Palabras clave: Aedes, dengue, virus chikungunya, vigilancia, Colombia

Resumen

Introducción. Aedes albopictus se encuentra ampliamente distribuido en el mundo. Su introducción en las Américas ocurrió en 1985 y se le considera vector potencial de los virus del dengue y uno de los principales vectores del virus del chikungunya. En Colombia, su primer reporte fue en Leticia, Amazonas, en 1998, seguido de Buenaventura, Valle del Cauca, en 2001, Barrancabermeja, Santander, en 2010 y Medellín, Antioquia, en 2011. La especie se ha reportado en diez departamentos del país. Objetivo. Notificar el hallazgo de A. albopictus en el municipio de Istmina, Chocó, y dar cuenta de su importancia en salud pública. Materiales y métodos. En enero de 2015 se inspeccionaron criaderos de los barrios de San Agustín, Santa Genoveva y Subestación del municipio de Istmina para la detección de formas inmaduras de Aedes spp. Las larvas recolectadas fueron identificadas en la Unidad de Entomología del Laboratorio de Salud Pública Departamental de Chocó y confirmadas en el Laboratorio de Entomología de la Red Nacional de Laboratorios del Instituto Nacional de Salud en Bogotá. Resultados. Se encontraron doce larvas de A. albopictus en criaderos ubicados en los barrios Subestación y San Agustín en el municipio de Istmina. Conclusión. La detección de A. albopictus en el municipio de Istmina resalta la importancia del fortalecimiento de las estrategias de vigilancia entomológica continua a nivel municipal y departamental en el país, y especialmente en Istmina y los municipios aledaños.

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  • José Joaquín Carvajal Laboratório de Doenças Parasitarias, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil Laboratório de Transmissores de Hematozoários, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil Núcleo Operacional Sentinela de Mosquitos Vetores-NOSMOVE/FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil
  • Nildimar Alves Honorio Laboratório de Transmissores de Hematozoários, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil Núcleo Operacional Sentinela de Mosquitos Vetores-NOSMOVE/FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil
  • Silvia Patricia Díaz Secretaría de Salud del Chocó, Quibdó, Colombia
  • Edinso Rafael Ruiz Laboratório de Transmissores de Hematozoários, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil
  • Jimmy Asprilla Secretaría de Salud del Chocó, Quibdó, Colombia
  • Susanne Ardila Laboratorio de Entomología, Instituto Nacional de Salud, Bogotá, D.C., Colombia
  • Gabriel Parra-Henao Laboratorio de Entomología, Instituto Nacional de Salud, Bogotá, D.C., Colombia Centro de Investigación en Salud para el Trópico, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Santa Marta, Colombia

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Cómo citar
Carvajal, J. J., Honorio, N. A., Díaz, S. P., Ruiz, E. R., Asprilla, J., Ardila, S., & Parra-Henao, G. (2016). Detección de Aedes albopictus (Skuse) (Diptera: Culicidae) en el municipio de Istmina, Chocó, Colombia. Biomédica, 36(3), 438-446. https://doi.org/10.7705/biomedica.v36i3.2805
Publicado
2016-09-01
Sección
Comunicación breve