Inmunoterapia con alérgenos: mecanismos de acción, impacto terapéutico y socioeconómico. Consenso de la Asociación Colombiana de Alergias, Asma e Inmunología

  • Jorge Sánchez Grupo de Alergología Clínica y Experimental, IPS Universitaria, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia Fundación para el Desarrollo de las Ciencias Médicas y Biológicas, Cartagena, Colombia Instituto de Investigaciones Inmunológicas, Universidad de Cartagena, Cartagena, Colombia
  • Ricardo Cardona Grupo de Alergología Clínica y Experimental, IPS Universitaria, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia
  • Luis Caraballo Fundación para el Desarrollo de las Ciencias Médicas y Biológicas, Cartagena, Colombia Instituto de Investigaciones Inmunológicas, Universidad de Cartagena, Cartagena, Colombia
  • Carlos Serrano Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Icesi, Cali, Colombia Unidad de Alergología, Fundación Valle del Lili, Cali, Colombia
  • Ruth Ramírez Grupo de Alergología Clínica y Experimental, IPS Universitaria, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia
  • Susana Díez Grupo de Alergología Clínica y Experimental, IPS Universitaria, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia
  • Elizabeth García Sección de Alergología, Fundación Santa Fe de Bogotá, Bogotá, D.C., Colombia Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de los Andes, Bogotá, D.C., Colombia
  • Ana María Segura Fundación Hospital Universitario Metropolitano de Barranquilla, Universidad Metropolitana de Barranquilla, Barranquilla, Colombia
  • Alfonso Cepeda Fundación Hospital Universitario Metropolitano de Barranquilla, Universidad Metropolitana de Barranquilla, Barranquilla, Colombia
  • María Minotas Fundación para el Desarrollo de las Ciencias Médicas y Biológicas, Cartagena, Colombia
Palabras clave: alérgenos, consenso, asma, anafilaxia, dermatitis, conjuntivitis, himenópteros, inmunoterapia, rinitis

Resumen

Las alergias constituyen un conjunto de enfermedades de gran prevalencia. Cuando los procesos alérgicos no se controlan, pueden poner en peligro la salud e, incluso, la vida de los pacientes y, además, su efecto económico y social es considerable. El objetivo de esta revisión es presentar un consenso práctico de la información científica disponible sobre el empleo de la inmunoterapia en las enfermedades alérgicas con la colaboración de varios institutos y universidades de Colombia, por solicitud de la Asociación Colombiana de Alergia, Asma e Inmunología. La revisión incluyó aspectos prácticos presentados desde el punto de vista de médicos generales, alergólogos, inmunólogos, internistas y pediatras con experiencia en el campo de las alergias. Con base en la evidencia científica actual a nivel nacional e internacional, se describió de forma detallada en qué consiste la inmunoterapia, sus indicaciones, contraindicaciones y sus beneficios para la salud, así como en el ámbito socioeconómico. Se concluyó que la inmunoterapia es efectiva y segura, y que, además, puede reducir sustancialmente el costo del tratamiento global de los pacientes alérgicos.

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Publicado
2016-09-01
Cómo citar
Sánchez, J., Cardona, R., Caraballo, L., Serrano, C., Ramírez, R., Díez, S., García, E., Segura, A., Cepeda, A., & Minotas, M. (2016). Inmunoterapia con alérgenos: mecanismos de acción, impacto terapéutico y socioeconómico. Consenso de la Asociación Colombiana de Alergias, Asma e Inmunología. Biomédica, 36(3), 463-474. https://doi.org/10.7705/biomedica.v36i3.3183
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